Beijing | China : History & Best City Attractions

Beijing, China’s massive capital, has a history that goes back more than 3000 years. Yet it is known as much for its modern architecture as its ancient sites such as the grand Forbidden City complex, the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Nearby, the massive Tiananmen Square pedestrian plaza is the site of Mao Zedong’s mausoleum and the National Museum of China, displaying a vast collection of cultural relics.

Beijing has a population of more than 21 million and it is also the political capital of the country. As much as it is known for modernity, its history is nothing but incredible. It is also the most important city in northern China, as it plays a very vital role in the growth and development of the region’s economy. Beijing, being the capital of China for something around 850 years, is also the largest city in terms of tourism attraction.

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1. The Forbidden City:

Nowadays, The Forbidden City is a museum that attracts millions of visitors around the year. In the 15th century, it was built to be the palace of the Ming emperors of China. From the 15th century, it was the Chinese imperial palace from the mid-Ming Dynasty till the end of the Qing Dynasty in 1912. However, in 1920, it turned out to become a museum that everyone can visit. In 1987, the UNESCO declared it to be a World Heritage Site. The Palace Museum, however, was established in 1925 to preserve the Forbidden City and its vast history.

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2. The Tiananmen Square:

Known to be the second tourist attraction in Beijing, the Tiananmen Square has a bloody history attached to it. Located in the center of Beijing, in 1989, after several weeks of demonstrations asking for democracy in to take place in the country, Chinese troops entered Tiananmen Square on June 4 and fired on civilians. Estimates of the death toll range from several hundred to thousands. Now, Hong Kong is the only Chinese territory where commemoration of the 4th June crackdown is allowed. In fact, there is a museum called the 4th June in Hong Kong that documents what actually happened in that day.

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3. Beihai Park:

Beihai Park, also known as Northern Sea Park, is one of the oldest, largest and best-preserved ancient imperial gardens in China located in the center of Beijing. Its incredible history goes back to 10 centuries ago. Not only does its grandiosity and magnificence reflect the extravagance and the beautiful quality of civilization that China sustains throughout history, but also it is considered as solemn religious construction and an imperial demonstration of the colossal magnitude of China. Beihai Park covers an area of about 70 hectares, more than half of which is taken up by the lake.

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4. Ming Tombs:

The Ming tombs are a collection of mausoleums built by the emperors of the Ming dynasty of China. The first Ming emperor’s tomb is located near his capital Nanjing. It was nominated to become a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 1991, and actually got the title in 2003. There are thirteen tombs which are successively arranged as Chang Mausoleum, Xian Mausoleum, Jing Mausoleum, Yu Mausoleum, Mao Mausoleum, Tai Mausoleum, Kang Mausoleum, Yong Mausoleum, Zhao Mausoleum, Ding Mausoleum, Qing Mausoleum, De Mausoleum, and Si Mausoleum, of which the Chang Mausoleum, Ding Mausoleum and Zhao Mausoleum that are all open to visitors.

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5. The National Museum of China:

While being one of the biggest museums in Chine, the museum’s mission is to educate the visitor about the arts and history of China. It is directed by the Ministry of Culture of the People’s Republic of China. From its opening on the 1st October 1959 till 2013, it is believe that the mesuem received as much as up to 7.5 million visitors. The museum is devoted to the display of treasured collections in form of various thematic exhibitions, such as the Arts of bronze, porcelain, jade, Chinese calligraphy and paintings, Buddhist statues, Ming & Qing furniture, coins, etc in ancient China.

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